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Bahadur Shah “Zafar” – The Last Mughal 1-Bahadur-Shah-ZafarEmperor

Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah “Zafar” (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor of India he was a member of the Timurid Dynasty. Prior to defeating him in battle and imprisoning him in Yangoon, Myanmar, the British East India Company reduced Bahadur Shah Zafar and his family to a state of dependence. He was also one of the greatest Urdu poets of India, he wrote some of the finest Urdu poetry and used Zafar, as his pen name, meaning “victory”, as a nom de plume (takhallus) and wrote many Urdu ghazals under it.  His Urdu poetry is still very popular.

The British had conquered almost all of India and in about 1857 had banished Zafar to Burma where he died remembering the motherland to his last breath.

 

Some of his ghazals are:-

 Baat karni mujhe mushkil kabhi aisi to na thi
biich me.n pardaa do_ii kaa thaa jo haa_il uTh gayaa
dil kii merii beqaraarii mujh se kuchh puuchho nahii.n
ham to chalate hai.n lo Khudaa haafiz
hamane duniyaa me.n aake kyaa dekhaa
ja kahiyo un se nasiim-e-sahar meraa chain gayaa merii niind ga_ii
khulataa nahii.n hai haal kisii par kahe baGair
kiije na das me.n baiThakar aapas kii baat-chiit
lagataa nahii.n hai dil meraa uja.De dayaar me.n
na kisii kii aa.Nkh kaa nuur huu.N
pas-e-marg mere mazaar par jo chiraaG kisii ne jalaa diyaa 
shamashiir barahanaa maa.Ng Gazab baalo.n kii mahak phir vaisii hai
subah ro ro ke shaam hotii hai 
the kal jo apane ghar me.n vo mahamaa.N kahaa.N hai.n
tum na aaye ek din kaa vaadaa kar do din talak
vo behijaab jo pii ke kal sharaab aayaa
yaa mujhe afsar-e-shaahaanaa banaayaa hotaa
yaar thaa gul_zaar thaa baad-e-sabaa thii mai.n na thaa

 Posted by at 6:46 PM

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